Cultural participation and inclusive societies - A thematic report based on the Indicator Framework on Culture and Democracy

By enhancing cultural participation among Europeans, will the values of tolerance, trust and willingness to engage respectfully with others be strengthened, and more open, inclusive societies emerge as a result?

A link has been made in recent years between a strong, well-functioning democracy and an abundance of cultural opportunities for all. Societies are said to be more open, tolerant and economically successful when people have easy access to a wide range of cultural activities and when participation rates in these activities are high. This first Council of Europe thematic report on culture and democracy specifically explores the relation between cultural participation and aspects of inclusive societies in Europe, such as tolerance and trust, and underlines the potential power of culture in nurturing them.

The report is based on the Indicator Framework on Culture and Democracy, developed by the Council of Europe and the Hertie School of Governance, in co-operation with the European Cultural Foundation. It was published in December 2016. 

Cultural participation and inclusive societies - A thematic report based on the Indicator Framework on Culture and Democracy


Recommended resources

Jul 10, 2019
By Claudia Maria Cacovean
Jul 10, 2019

Several studies have focused on the marketing mix of goods, but it shouldn’t be neglected that services, through its characteristics, cause major problems for marketers, when adopting appropriate marketing strategies. This problem is prevalent in the field of cultural services, where marketers face the lack of funds to implement appropriate marketing strategies, either an internal system that restricts the possibilities for action, or simply a lack of experience and marketing information applied within cultural services. The purpose of this study is to compress information regarding the characteristics of cultural services and the specific marketing actions used in the field of performing arts, providing thus several directions in knowing and understanding it. Many cultural institutions are still adopting traditional marketing strategies but this approach is not sufficient. New approaches and strategies are required in order to ensure their survival on the cultural market. This paper offers for the reader a literature review of arts marketing and the main issues approached in specialized literature regarding marketing in performing arts. Several ideas based on this survey are formulated in order to improve the marketing strategies adopted by cultural institutions.

This article was published in 2015 for Claudia Maria CACOVEAN (PhD Student Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania).


By Macarena Cuenta, Iñigo Ayala y Jaime Cuenca
May 08, 2019

Este artículo se centra en identificar los principales retos a los que se enfrentan los museos de arte en España como consecuencia de los numerosos cambios que se están produciendo en su contexto. Se ha realizado una extensa y exhaustiva revisión de la literatura científica vinculada a la situación actual de los museos de arte desde el doble punto de vista de la museología crítica y el desarrollo de audiencias. Como resultado, a partir del enfoque social y económico, se han identificado seis retos, cada uno de los cuales se ha ilustrado con ejemplos de buenas prácticas. La implantación del desarrollo de audiencias se vislumbra como una estrategia con gran potencial para afrontar con solvencia los retos identificados, si bien esto exigirá formar a las plantillas de los museos en este enfoque estratégico y sus herramientas.

Artículo publicado por Íñigo Ayala Aizpuru, Macarena Cuenca-Amigo, Jaime Cuenca Amigo en mayo 2018. 


By Macarena Cuenca-Amigo and Mercedes Albaina Hernández.
Apr 30, 2019

This study has been published by Macarena Cuenca-Amigo and Mercedes Albaina Hernández. The goal of this study consisted of analysing whether educational intervention by means of a Musical Training as a Leisure Activity programme had any significant impact on sensorial, affective and analytical listening levels among senior citizens who had and had not previously studied music. To do so, we designed our own measurement scale and applied it to a sample of 37 students over 50 years of age at the University of Deusto (Bilbao, Spain). Both the scale as a whole and each of the subscales of the different listening levels presented adequate reliability, with Cronbach’s alpha values greater than 0.8. The questionnaire was administered in the classroom on the first and last day of class, after hearing the same piece of music. The measurements before and after the educational intervention were compared by applying a Student’s t-test for paired samples. The research concluded that the only listening level to have been significantly affected by the Musical Training as a Leisure Activity programme was the analytical level, and when examining this in greater detail, it is noted that the impact was only prominent among members of the sample who had not studied music before.

Article published in april 2018.


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